# Statistics for Kids

*(scroll this section to read all)*

Learning about Statistics is extremely important in many technical and scientific jobs including teaching, economics, business analysis, engineering, research and development, insurance, finance, meteorology and marketing. However, it is also very useful in everyday life and an understanding of basic statistics can really help you as a consumer as well as improving your general analytical skills.

Also see our articles here on 'DATA' and 'PROBABILITY'.

After you have a good understanding of Statistics you should be able to:

- identify mathematical relations between two variables given experimental data
- understand distributions
- work with discrete, grouped or continuous datasets
- analyse the data and present it in understandable and logical ways
- recognise normal distributions
- understand the meaning of spread of data and standard deviations

We have hand-picked lots of fun, informative, high quality links for your enjoyment. These include great activities, games and learning videos. Have a try at working your way through these resources and you will learn some really valuable skills statistics to aid you both in life and your career.

**1**] 2 > >>

### "Real statistics for the classroom" Activity ages 7 - 11

In this activity, you get to look at some UK Census data from 2000 which shows the percentage of children that travel to school by various methods (walk, bus, car, cycle, train or other). You are asked to think about explanations for some of the data values and also invited to....Read More

### "Meaningful statistics for the classroom" Activity ages 8 - 11

In this activity, you are challenged to discuss (with your school friends) the data you would collect in order to characterise the outcome of an event in the future and how....Read More

### "Data and Statistics for the classroom" Activities ages 11 - 18

In these activities, there are multiple exercises to try. 'Statistical Shorts', 'Which Spinners?', 'Which List Is Which?', 'Stats Statements' , 'Data Matching'....Read More

### "Statistical Modelling for the classroom" Activities ages 11 - 18

In these activities, there are multiple exercises to try. 'Odd One Out' , 'Stats Statements', 'Epidemic Modelling', 'The Random World', 'Random Squares', 'Probably a Code?', 'The Wrong Stats', 'Weekly Challenge 4: Top Marks' , 'A Random Rambling Rant', 'Making....Read More

### "Use statistics for the classroom" activities ages 11 - 16

In these activities, there are multiple exercises to try. 'Picturing the World', 'Estimating Time', 'Reaction Timer'....Read More

### "How likely is it you share a birthday" video notes ages 11 - 14

In these Video Notes, a wager is made that out of 35 randomly selected people in a train station at least two will share a birthday. The probability of this occurring is a lot....Read More

### "How to work out standard deviation" Video Notes ages 11 - 16

In these Video Notes, you are taught about standard deviation using the example of two sets of wild cats. You are shown the defining formula for standard deviation and how a zoo keeper uses her knowledge of standard deviation to decide which room is the most dangerous because she knows that....Read More

### "Normal distribution in fish populations" Video Notes ages 11 - 16

In these Video Notes, an assumption about the normal distribution (bell shaped curve) for 'Dover Sole' fish allows a statistician to accurately predict the weight of some of the largest Dover Sole fish caught by a fisherman over his career. He uses the sample catch to work out the mean (720g) and standard deviation (190g) and then....Read More

### "The Health and Wealth of 200 Countries over 200 Years in 4 minutes" Video Notes ages 11 - 16

In these Video Notes, you learn about the wealth and health of 200 countries over approximately the last 200 years (1809 to 2009). This is plotted on an XY plot with mean annual income per person versus the mean life expectancy. You can clearly see the effects of the industrial revolution in Europe plus the effect of world....Read More

### "Using patterns in Google searches to predict flu outbreaks" Video Notes ages 11 - 16

In these Video Notes, you learn how google has developed an application called 'google flu trends' which predicts flu outbreaks for world areas based on search terms....Read More

### "Random or Not : Analysing Jubes 1-1 Activity" ages 11 - 13

In this activity, you work at the Fruit Factory which manufactures two varieties of jubes. The first variety is kiwi and the second is kookaburra. Packets of twelve jubes are made and there is an equal chance of the machine making a kiwi or a kookaburra jube. Your task is to work out the most common....Read More

### "Galton Board Activity" ages 11 - 14

In this activity, drop 5-30 balls into Galton's Board to see the various result distributions. Drop larger numbers to get a more normal distribution. This activity will help you understand some of the various statistical theories (e.g. Pascal's triangle,....Read More

### "Plinko Probability Activity" ages 11 - 14

In this activity, the plinko board uses either single balls or a continuous stream of balls to generate statistical distributions and the corresponding data (count, mean and standard deviation etc.). Use the sliders ('p' and....Read More

### "Data and Statistics" Activity ages 11 - 12

A number of great videos and interactive training activities on data and statistics helping you learn more about statistics. There are 4 videos ('Statistics intro: Mean, median and mode', 'Finding mean, median and mode', 'Statistical and non statistical questions' and 'Exploring the mean and median') and 5 interactive training tests....Read More

### "Central tendency" Video Notes and Activity ages 12 - 13

In these Video Notes, you learn how a fire department uses statistics to improve its service and save lives. This is done by tracking data on response times and the break down of this data (driving time etc.). In the activity1, you are shown some data on response times and after a new call out an extra data point is added and you must....Read More

### "Random or Not : Analysing Jubes 2-1 Activity" ages 12 - 14

In this activity, research uneven distributions by manufacturing fish and frog jubes in packs of twelve with your special machine. Frog jubes are twice as likely to come out of the machine as fish. Make lots of....Read More

### "Random or Not : Analysing Jubes 1-1-1 Activity" ages 12 - 14

In this activity, the goal is to find out the most common type of jube made by the Jube Machine in packs of twelve. There are three different types of jubes (frog, fish and penguin) which have an equal chance of being made by the machine. Estimating ranges is one of the tasks and you make large samples (boxes of a....Read More

### "Central tendencies" Activity ages 12 - 13

In this activity, you will learn about central tendencies with a sports related theme. The topics are 'definition of mean, median, mode and range', 'calculation of measures of central tendency', 'effect of extreme values on data', 'determining the most....Read More

### "Statistics and Probability : Measures of Central Tendency" Activity ages 12 - 13

A number of great videos and interactive training activities on data and statistics helping you learn more about statistics. There are 3 videos ('Statistics intro: Mean, median and mode', 'Finding mean, median and mode' and 'Exploring the mean and median') and 3 interactive training tests ('Mean, median, and mode',....Read More

### "Fix the Matchbox Machine : Scoop Size" Activity ages 13 - 14

In this activity, you need to setup a matchbox machine so that it fills the matchboxes with the target of 50 matches (+/- 10 matches). To do this you are introduced to the box plot which has maximum, minimum, median, first quartile and third quartiles all marked. The data for the old machine's samples (each sample is 100 matchboxes)....Read More

### "Fix the Matchbox Machine 2: Scoop Size" Activity ages 13 - 14

In this activity, your aim is to setup the matchbox machine so that the scoop picks up and fills the matchboxes with the correct amount of matches within certain statistical limits (having an acceptable median and minimising variation is key). The box plot is explained and in 'take a sample' you have to write down the maximum, third....Read More

### "Spinners Match Up 2 Activity" ages 13 - 14

In this activity, pick two different spinners and see if you can make the results of their spins the same over ten, a hundred and ten thousand spins. Obviously you have the chance to speed up the spinner to minimise your wait time. Look carefully at the colours on each....Read More

### "Dice Duels Airport Addition Probability" Game ages 13 - 14

In this game, you take the role of an air traffic controller and must choose what you think will be the fastest runway for your plane to take off. The runways are numbered 2 to 12 and every time a pair of dice is rolled, the plane at the front of the runway matching the sum of the two dice can take off. This is a....Read More

### "Dice Duels Airport Subtraction Probability" Game ages 13 - 15

In this game, see how quickly you can get your plane to take off. To do this choose the most suitable runway, based on the probability of dice roll subtraction! The runways are numbered zero to five and after each pair of dice is rolled, the difference between the dice selects the runway where the next plane will take off from. Move your....Read More

### "Dice Duels Lucky Sixteen Probability" Game ages 13 - 15

In this game, the goal is to add sixteen counters to a board, which is numbered, in such a way as the counters can be removed in the fastest time by matching the sum of a pair of dice. See how quickly your sixteen counters can be removed by picking the most likely....Read More

### "Genetic Inheritance statistics for the classroom" Activities ages 14 - 16

In these activities, there are multiple exercises to try : 'Genetics', 'The Genes of Gilgamesh' and 'Like Father Like Son'. These all have a genetics theme to test....Read More

### "Dice Duels Uneven Distribution" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, the aim is to learn about the uneven distribution involved when adding two dice results together. Make sure you fill in the table of dice 1 and dice 2 then transport the count data to the bar graph to understand about the spread of data. Try the default value of 500 rolls but try....Read More

### "Dice Duels: Load one dice Probability" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, the aim is to investigate how using a non-standard dice (one where a given number can be made to 'probably' come up more frequently) changes the distribution bar graph of actual data. Increasing the number of dice rolls will prove the....Read More

### "Mystery Spinner Challenge" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, your goal is to build 1 - 4 spinners in such a way as their spinning results will match the statistical data shown in the bar graph over ten thousand spins. To build a spinner you can add the necessary number of sectors and then colour them in the appropriate colours. Make sure....Read More

### "Dice Duels Find the Bias" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, the workings of dice that are biased towards some numbers are shown including how they modify the probabilities compared to a standard non-biased dice. The activity asks you some questions relating to rolling the single dice seven times and the distribution of the results. Then use your new found knowledge to spot the....Read More

### "Dice Duels Load a Pair of Dice" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, you look at loaded dice and how they affect the distribution of the sum of the values of two dice. Initially you can have a look at the introduction and theory to see the distribution of typical values is for a non-biased dice. After that there are two investigations into biased dice. Investigation one loads a specific....Read More

### "Spinners Advanced Builder and Challenges" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, you make a number of spinners to experiment and learn with by changing the sections and changing the section colours before spinning them and watching the results of any changes. Choose 'fast' spins to speed up the results and to allow you to experiment with more spins. Finally, take on the seven challenges and see....Read More

### "Dice Duels Biased Dice Multi-Activity" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, you have the option of playing three dice-based probability games. These games give you an insight of biased dice by carrying out investigations and looking at the....Read More

### "Dice Duels Go Kart Race Probability" Game ages 14 - 15

In this game, try and choose the winning Go Kart from the six on display. Each Go Kart has an equal chance of winning and is moved forward one space when....Read More

### "Spinners Advanced Builder 2" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, you need to try and build a number of spinners that, when spun on many occasions, have the same results distribution as the one indicated by the bar graph. Choose the number of sections that the spinner will have and the colour of each....Read More

### "Dice Duels Tool" Activity ages 14 - 15

In this activity, you learn about statistics by playing with multiple dice and look at addition, subtraction and multiplication of the dice rolls. There are a number of parameters you can vary to aid in the investigation such as the number of dice, the number of rolls, the....Read More

### "Dice Duels Tool" Activity ages 14 - 16

In this activity, you investigate the probability of a given dice value being rolled on a six sided dice. Then you analyse some statistical data to try and determine if any values on the dice have been favoured (a loaded dice). Hint: increase the....Read More

### "Dice Duels Bike Race Addition Probability" Game ages 14 - 15

In this game, your job is to pick the racing bike which you think will win the race! The race is run by moving forward the bike in the lane matching the sum of the two dice. Keep rolling the dice until you get a winner.....Read More

### "STEP Prep Module 15 for the classroom" Activities ages 16 - 18

In these activities, there are multiple exercises to try. 'Statistics in STEP - Discrete and Continuous Random Variables', 'Statistics in STEP - Hypothesis Testing', 'PDF', 'Very Old Man', 'What's Your Mean?'....Read More

### "Time to Evolve2 for the classroom" statistics activity ages 16 - 18

In this activity, you get to look at the length of time between generations of some animals. The statistics behind this is complex (especially the distribution of the sum of independent distributions) so....Read More

### "Inference for Two-Way Tables Unit 29" Video Notes ages 16 - 21

In these Video Notes, you learn about inference for two-way tables put to good use in the genetic research of Lassa fever resistance in Nigeria. As part of this research, data in malaria resistance is analysed with a two way table trying to understand the mechanism of a sickle cell gene (thought to protect against malaria). The....Read More

### "Inference for Regression Units 30" Video Notes ages 16 - 21

In these Video Notes, you will learn all about inference for regression which tells you whether it is statistically valid to say whether a regression line for a sample is valid for the whole population. This is examined in the video with a real life example of the pesticide DDT and its breakdown product DDE versus declining peregrine....Read More

### "One-Way ANOVA Unit 31" Video Notes ages 16 - 21

In these Video Notes, you will learn about one-way analysis of variance by watching a secret experiment to test embodied cognition using statistical data. Will the weight of a clipboard affect students estimation abilities when estimating the number of coins in a vase? Box and whisker plots are used for the estimates for the 3 different....Read More

### "Streaky Baseball" Activity ages 17 - 18

In this activity, you use your knowledge of the binomial distribution to see if you can predict how many games your baseball team will win in a season and what their longest winning and losing streak will be. You also have a chance to increase your score and use the....Read More

### "What are the Chances?" Activity ages 17 - 21

In this activity, you are looking for your soul mate and decide to use Madame Zeroni the fortune teller! You are asked to input a number of character traits about your perfect partner. Then you are asked to choose a city in the U.S. where you want to meet this ideal person. Madame Zeroni shows you the statistics behind who might be....Read More

### "What is Statistics Unit 01" Video Notes ages 17 - 21

In these Video Notes, you learn what statistics is and that it is useful in a wide variety of business fields including sciences. The field of descriptive statistics is explained including data presentation, then inferential statistics is described where samples can serve to estimate (hopefully accurately and reliably) the complete data....Read More

### "Stemplots Unit 02" Video Notes and Activity ages 17 - 21

In the Video Notes, you are shown how visualisation of data helps in many areas. You are shown how stem and leaf plots were used to keep track of US Army personnel sizes (94 dimensions were taken!) so that their critically important army clothes and army vehicles can be correctly sized. An example of stem plots used for footwear size in....Read More

### "Histograms Unit 03" Video Notes and Activity ages 17 - 21

In the Video Notes, you learn all about histograms with examples shown in the work done by Meteorologist Raul Lopez and his colleagues on the statistics of people hit by lightning strikes. Also weekday traffic density histogram information on a road in Massachusetts is shown as well as U.S. workers weekly wages information in 1992. ....Read More

### "Measures of Center Unit 04" Video Activity ages 17 - 21

In these Video Notes, salary of women and men in USA in 2011 is compared on two histograms and the median and means worked out for both genders. Some work to find out what caused the obvious difference was undertaken. Then another comparison of the mean versus the median is shown for children's heights and exam results. These examples....Read More

### "Boxplots Unit 05" Video Notes ages 17 - 21

In these Video Notes, the number of calories contained in various brands of beef hotdogs are compared. The median, first and third quartiles, maximum and minimum calorie data values are also determined to give the five-number summary from which the boxplot (or sometimes called the box and whisker plot) can be drawn and the range and....Read More

[

**1**] 2 > >>