Teach my child about 'Development'
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Development Overview

Development Overview

Child Development refers to emotional, biological and physiological changes to children from the day they are born up to the end of adolescence. When a child is born they are completely dependent on their primary carer(s) but by the end of adolescence they usually have a huge degree of independence and autonomy. Parents/Guardians and also Health Care Professionals monitor key developmental milestones at a young age then later on this becomes solely the responsibility of the parents/guardians. The earlier a potential issue is found the better.

Guardians should provide a safe, loving environment where children feel valued and provide high quality exercise, nutrition and hydration. Carers need to facilitate ample rest and sleep too. Spending time with your child and helping them to develop in multiple areas is crucial by allowing plenty of stimulation, reading, talking and fun play time. Leading by example is a critical factor in how children learn too.

Child Development can be measured in many areas, but the most common attributes for parents to monitor are:

  • Physical
  • Cognitive/Intellectual (including language skills)
  • Social
  • Emotional
  • Moral

The above factors are developed through a combination of the child's genetics and the environment the child is exposed to. Some aspects of child development are weighted more heavily on environmental influences (such as experience) and others depend a little more on genetics. In reality though, it is always a certain proportion of each.

Why should I monitor my child's development?

Monitoring your child's development versus agreed standards allows you take early action if your child is lagging behind on certain aspects of their development. If you are concerned about anything, you should consult professional health personnel as soon as you can. It is obviously beneficial to understand potential child development problems early to maximise the chances of successfully addressing the issue.

What Standards can I check my Child's Development against?

There are many standards worldwide but the links for the World Health Organisation in the resources is a great starting point to enable you to perform a quick check.

Advice on how to Positively Develop Your Child

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have produced information leaflets on how to positively develop your child from birth through to adolescence. There are some printable PDF booklets highlighting great tips here including which Development Milestones are appropriate for the age range. See the resources below.

Conclusion

Checking the development of your child against expected standards is vitally important in order to act early and get the best possible advice if required. Follow our resource links, print them out and use them as a great starting point to both monitor your child and to help them positively develop into great, well adjusted, all round human beings. We would suggest contacting a health professional early if you have any concerns at all.

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"Main Motor Development for 0 - 2 years" resource

"Main Motor Development for 0 - 2 years" resource

A standard has been developed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) for young infants/toddlers for six of the main motor developments ('Sitting without support', 'Standing with assistance', 'Hands-&-knees crawling', 'Walking with assistance', 'Standing alone' and 'Walking alone' etc.).

 


"Key Development Milestones for 0-19 years" resource

"Key Development Milestones for 0-19 years" resource

The Washington Department of Social and Health Services in the U.S. has published a Development Standard from birth to 19 years of age for Physical, Intellectual, Social, Emotional and Moral aspects. This highlights the normal expected behaviour for a given age and suggests activities or methods by which parents can help to ensure children meet these standards by the given age.

 


"Key Development Milestones" resource for 0-5 years"

"Key Development Milestones" resource for 0-5 years"

The UK National Health Service has published a timeline highlighting the standards of development which ought typically to be achieved by young children. This interactive guide includes videos and advice.

 


"Learn the Signs. Act Early! 0-5years development Check campaign" resource

"Learn the Signs. Act Early! 0-5years development Check campaign" resource

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) have produced this child development information leaflet. It highlights what to look for and when to act. Sections includes 'Your Baby at 2 Months', 'Your Baby at 4 Months', 'Your Baby at 6 Months', 'Your Baby at 9 Months', 'Your Child at 1 Year', 'Your Child at 18 Months (1 1/2 Yrs)', 'Your Child at 2 Years', 'Your Child at 3 Years', 'Your Child at 4 Years' and 'Your Child at 5 Years'.

 


"Positive development for Infants (aged 0-1)" resource

"Positive development for Infants (aged 0-1)" resource

This is a printable information leaflet by the US CDC. There are lots of hints and tips on various topics including 'Developmental Milestones', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Young Toddlers (aged 1-2)" resource

"Positive development for Young Toddlers (aged 1-2)" resource

This is an information leaflet by the US CDC. There is some great guidance on numerous subjects for toddlers in the age group of 1 to 2. These include 'Developmental Milestones', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Older Toddlers (aged 2-3)" resource

"Positive development for Older Toddlers (aged 2-3)" resource

This is an information leaflet by the US CDC. There is some great information on Healthy Child Development for toddlers in the age group 2 to 3. Advice on topics is given including 'Developmental Milestones', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Preschoolers (aged 3-5)" resource

"Positive development for Preschoolers (aged 3-5)" resource

This is a printable information leaflet by the American Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) on development of pre-school children in the age range of 3 to 5. Topics include 'Developmental Milestones', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Middle Childhood (aged 6-8)" resource

"Positive development for Middle Childhood (aged 6-8)" resource

This is an information leaflet by the US CDC on young, middle-childhood children in the age range of 6 to 8 years old. Advice is on various topics, such as 'Developmental Milestones', 'Emotional/Social Changes', 'Thinking and Learning', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Middle Childhood (aged 9-11)" resource

"Positive development for Middle Childhood (aged 9-11)" resource

This is an information leaflet by the US CDC on the middle-childhood years of ages 9 to 11. Some sound pieces of advice are given to parents on the following subjects such as 'Developmental Milestones', 'Emotional/Social Changes', 'Thinking and Learning', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Young Teens (aged 12-14)" resource

"Positive development for Young Teens (aged 12-14)" resource

This is an information leaflet by the US CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) for young teens in the age range of 12 to 14. Expectations and information is given in the following topic areas - 'Developmental Milestones', 'Emotional/Social Changes', 'Thinking and Learning', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 


"Positive development for Older Teens (aged 15-17)" resource

"Positive development for Older Teens (aged 15-17)" resource

Information leaflet by the US CDC for middle teens (aged 15 to 17) describing in detail what is typically driving their behaviours and emotions and some great advice on what to look out for in the following areas - 'Developmental Milestones', 'Emotional/Social Changes', 'Thinking and Learning', 'Positive Parenting Tips', 'Child Safety First' and 'Healthy Bodies'.

 

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