Science tends to be mandatory in many countries' national school curriculum and is therefore important for your child to learn. Our kids section has lots of links to great science resources, games and activities. Because science is such a massive subject, we have picked some of the major parts of science that tend to be on school curriculums.
What is science? As always there are multiple definitions! One definition is : 'Science investigates how the natural world works'. Another says, "Science is knowledge about something that can be rationally explained and consistently applied".
There are all different types of sciences including:
- Formal Sciences e.g.math
- Life Sciences e.g. biology
- Physical Sciences e.g. physics, chemistry, astronomy, earth sciences
- Applied Sciences e.g. engineering, dentistry
- Social Sciences e.g. psychology, economics, law
- Mixed/Interdisciplinary cience e.g. biostatistics, artificial intelligence, environmental studies
In the UK, for example, Science is taught in schools and follows different curriculums depending on which Examining Board the Local Education Authority chooses.
Practicalities of Helping your Kids with Science
Safety is the No.1 Priority. If there is any task or activity you feel your child is too young for then encourage them to ask first before going ahead or check ahead and agree to what they want to do first.
Little and often is the best way to learn anything for Children. If you set aside 10-15mins per day 3 times per week where your child either studies or plays science related games or activities on the internet then this over time will make a big difference to their enjoyment and understanding of the subject. But it is CRITICAL to make this time fun!
Your role should be to facilitate and help your kids find appropriate resources to learn - not to become an expert in science yourself! This website is a great resource and help in your quest to improve your child's science knowledge! We have provided links to excellent science tutorials suitable for kids.
Younger children (say up to 8) tend to learn by doing things, experimenting and using their senses (sight, touch, smell etc.) rather than studying. For older children, a mixture of study and hands-on is required. Like everything, making things fun at an early age can be the key and arousing their curiosity too.
After literature and math, science is sometimes seen as the 3rd most important subject at many schools. Studying science helps children to learn in terms of experimentation and testing ideas and helps them make sense of the world around them. This is important since there is lots of false information around and having a good background will help common sense which is an important attribute for a child. Like all learning, a consistent approach is required, but much of science can be taught in a fun way and is quite entertaining at times!
Taken from one Examining Board (General Certificate of Secondary Education GCSE Science B 2014). Includes 'Introduction', 'Specification', 'Subject Content', 'Scheme of Assessment', 'Administration', 'Controlled Assessment Administration', 'Moderation' and 'Appendices'.
The Science section of our kids website has lots of online training activities. Topics include - 'Working Scientifically', 'Plants', 'Animals including humans', 'Everyday materials,Properties,Uses, Reversible change', 'Seasonal Changes', 'All living things', 'Habitats', 'Evolution and Inheritance', 'Rocks', 'Light and Sound', 'Forces and Magnets', 'Movement', 'States of matter', 'Changes that form new materials' and 'Electricity' & 'Earth and Space'.
The advantages of giving your child explicit critical thinking training is highlighted here. Take note! Lots of research says this can raise IQ, teach independence and also language comprehension. It is suggested that clear instruction on how to do such things as identification of relevant information, analysing analogies and testing of hypotheses can really make a difference.
'Science Explained for Kids' on the NASA website explains science in terms of using your senses to first observe (e.g. watch and listen) the world then how to record your observations before coming up with theories to explain the observations.